Born: in Karachi, Sindh, PakistanDecember 25, 1876 Died: September 11, 1948 Genre: Leadership, Law, Politics
Muhammad Ali Jinnah (conceived Mahomedali Jinnahbhai; 25 December 1876 – 11 September 1948) was an attorney, legislator and the author of Pakistan. Jinnah filled in as the head of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until the origin of Pakistan on 14 August 1947, and afterward as the Dominion of Pakistan’s first lead representative general until his demise. He is worshipped in Pakistan as the Quaid-I-Azam (“Great Leader”) and Baba-I-Qaum (“Father of the Nation”). His birthday is seen as a public occasion in Pakistan.
Brought into the world at Wazir Mansion in Karachi, Although brought into the world to a Khoja(noble) family who were supporters of the Aga Khan, Jinnah moved towards the Sunni group from the get-go throughout everyday life. There is proof later, given by his family members and partners in court, to build up that he was solidly a Sunni Muslim before the finish of his life. Jinnah was prepared as a lawyer at Lincoln’s Inn in London, England. Upon his re-visitation of British India, he selected at the Bombay High Court, and checked out public legislative issues, which ultimately supplanted his lawful practice. Jinnah rose to noticeable quality in the Indian National Congress in the initial twenty years of the twentieth century. In these early long stretches of his political profession, Jinnah upheld Hindu–Muslim solidarity, assisting with forming the 1916 Lucknow Pact between the Congress and the All-India Muslim League, in which Jinnah had likewise become noticeable. Jinnah turned into a vital innovator in the All-India Home Rule League, and proposed a fourteen-point established change intend to shield the political privileges of Muslims in the Indian subcontinent. In 1920, in any case, Jinnah left the Congress when it consented to follow a mission of satyagraha, which he viewed as political rebellion.
By 1940, Jinnah had come to accept that the Muslims of the subcontinent ought to have their own state to stay away from the conceivable underestimated status they might acquire in a free Hindu–Muslim state. In that year, the Muslim League, driven by Jinnah, passed the Lahore Resolution, requesting a different country for British Indian Muslims. During the Second World War, the League acquired strength while heads of the Congress were detained, and in the commonplace races held soon after the conflict, it won the majority of the seats saved for Muslims. Eventually, the Congress and the Muslim League couldn’t arrive at a force sharing recipe that would permit the aggregate of British India to be joined as a solitary state following autonomy, driving all gatherings to concur rather to the freedom of a dominatingly Hindu India, and for a Muslim-larger part territory of Pakistan.
As the main Governor-General of Pakistan, Jinnah attempted to build up the new country’s administration and strategies, and to help the large numbers of Muslim transients who had emigrated from adjoining India to Pakistan after the two states’ autonomy, expressly overseeing the foundation of exile camps. Jinnah kicked the bucket at age 71 in September 1948, a little more than a year after Pakistan acquired freedom from the United Kingdom. He left a profound and regarded heritage in Pakistan. Multitudinous roads, streets and territories on the planet are named after Jinnah. A few colleges and public structures in Pakistan bear Jinnah’s name. As indicated by his biographer, Stanley Wolpert, Jinnah remains Pakistan’s most noteworthy pioneer.
“Quaid Azam M.Ali Jinnah All Quotes and Sayings”
“I do not believe in taking the right decision, I take a decision and make it right.”
“There are two powers in the world; one is the sword and the other is the pen. There is a great competition and rivalry between the two. There is a third power stronger than both, that of the women.”
“Think a hundred times before you take a decision, but once that decision is taken; stand by it as one man.”
“Democracy is in the blood of the Muslims, who look upon complete equality of mankind, and believe in fraternity, equality, and liberty.”
“Expect the best, prepare for the worst.”
“No nation can rise to the height of glory unless your women are side by side with you. We are victims of evil customs. It is a crime against humanity that our women are shut up within the four walls of the houses as prisoners. There is no sanction anywhere for the deplorable condition in which our women have to live.”
“You are free; you are free to go to your temples. You are free to go to your mosques or to any other places of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion, caste or creed—that has nothing to do with the business of the state.”
“With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve.”
“You will have to make up for the smallness of your size by your courage and selfless devotion to duty, for it is not life that matters, but the courage, fortitude and determination you bring to it.”
“No nation can ever be worthy of its existence that cannot take its women along with the men. No struggle can ever succeed without women participating side by side with men. There are two powers in the world; one is the sword and the other is the pen. There is a great competition and rivalry between the two. There is a third power stronger than both, that of the women.”
“India is not a nation, nor a country. It is a subcontinent of nationalities.”
“The great majority of us are Muslims. We follow the teachings of the Prophet Mohammed (May peace be upon him). We are members of the brotherhood of Islam in which all are equal in rights, dignity and self-respect. Consequently, we have a special and a very deep sense of unity. But make no mistake: Pakistan is not a theocracy or anything like it.”
“Do not forget that the armed forces are the servants of the people. You do not make national policy; it is we, the civilians, who decide these issues and it is your duty to carry out these tasks with which you are entrusted.”
“I have lived as plain Mr. Jinnah and I hope to die as plain Mr. Jinnah. I am very much averse to any title or honors and I will be more than happy if there was no prefix to my name.”
“We have undoubtedly achieved Pakistan, and that too without bloody war, practically peacefully, by moral and intellectual force, and with the power of the pen, which is no less mighty than that of the sword and so our righteous cause has triumphed. Are we now going to besmear and tarnish this greatest achievement for which there is no parallel in the history of the world? Pakistan is now a fait accompli and it can never be undone, besides, it was the only just, honorable, and practical solution of the most complex constitutional problem of this great subcontinent. Let us now plan to build and reconstruct and regenerate our great nation…”
“Any idea of a United India could never have worked and in my judgment it would have led us to terrific disaster.”
“Islam expect every Muslim to do this duty, and if we realize our responsibility time will come soon when we shall justify ourselves worthy of a glorious past.”
“Pakistan not only means freedom and independence but the Muslim Ideology which has to be preserved, which has Come to us as a precious gift and treasure and which, we hope other will share with us.”
“I have nothing to do with this pseudo-religious approach that Gandhi is advocating.”
“I sincerely hope that they (relations between India and Pakistan) will be friendly and cordial. We have a great deal to do…and think that we can be of use to each other and to the world.”
“Come forward as servants of Islam organize the people economically, socially, educationally and politically and I am sure that you will be a power that will be accepted by everybody.”
“Failure is a word unknown to me.”
“You have to stand guard over the development and maintenance of Islamic democracy, Islamic social justice and the equality of manhood in your own native soil.”
“No settlement with the majority is possible as no Hindu leader speaking with any authority shows any concern or genuine desire for it.”
“We should have a State in which we could live and breathe as free men and which we could develop according to our own lights and culture and where principles of Islamic social justice could find free play.”
“My message to you all is of hope, courage, and confidence.”
“My message to you all is of hope, courage and confidence. Let us mobilize all our resources in a systematic and organized way and tackle the grave issues that confront us with the grim determination and discipline worthy of a great nation.”
“When Mrs. Jinnah feels cold, she will Say so, and ask for a wrap herself.”
“With faith, discipline and selfless devotion to the duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve.”
“no struggle can ever succeed without women participating side by side with men”
“No nation can rise to the height of glory unless your women are side by side with you.”
“The press is great power and it can do well as well as harm. If rightly conducted it can guide and instruct public opinion. Talk with journalists of Kashmir 23/4/1944”
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